With a surface area of 1.068 million square kilometers, Ontario is a province in Canada’s southeastern area that shares boundaries with New York and other states along the south sides. There are approximately 25,000 lakes and rivers with a total length of more than 100,000 kilometers in the province. The capital of Ontario is Toronto, which is the largest city in Canada that acts as its center of politics, economy, culture, and transportation. Ottawa, the capital of Canada, lands on the Ottawa River at the easternmost point of the province. The province has a population of roughly 14 million, accounting for nearly 40% of Canada's total population, ranking first in the nation. Manufacturing is the province’s primary sector, the southeastern urban belt is the national industrial center, agriculture and animal husbandry are also important in southern Ontario. The climate of Ontario varies greatly from the north to the south. The southern part has a humid continental climate, with temperatures slightly lower than average winters and summers. The average temperature in January is about -13°C; the average temperature in July is about 20°C. Northern Ontario is colder, with plenty of snow in winter. The majority of Canadian universities gather in the province of Ontario, including prominent schools such as the University of Toronto, Queen's University, and McMaster University.